Healthy Recipes for :
..Acne
..Ageing
..Alcoholic Intoxication
..Anaemia
..Arthritis
..Asthma
..Atherosclerosis
..Bad Breath
..Bed-wetting
..Boils & Carbuncles
..Breast Inflammation
..Bronchitis
..Chicken Pox
..Chloasma
..Common Cold
..Constipation
..Diabetes Mellitus
    What is it?
    Causes and Types
    Symptoms and
           Complications

    Who's at Risk?
    Western Treatments
    Traditional Chinese
           Treatments

    Diet and Diabetes
    Blood Glucose Test

..Diarrhoea
..Dizziness
..Dysentery
..Eczema
..Edema
..Eye, Dark Circles
..Eye, Pink
..Fishbone in Throat
..Goiter
..Gout
..Hair Loss
..Headache
..Heart Attack
..Hemorrhoids
..Hepatitis
..Hiccups
..Hoarseness
..Hyperlipaemia
..Hypertension
..Impotence
..Indigestion
..Infertility
..Insomnia
..Lactation Cessation
..Leucorrhoea
..Loss of Appetite
..Malaria
..Memory Poor
..Menopause
..Menstruation, Painful
..Menstruation, Delayed
..Menstruation,Premature
..Nosebleed
..Osteoporosis
..Overweight
..Pelvic Inflammatory
   Disease
..Running Nose
..Skin Care
..Sore Throat
..Sweating
..Tinnitus
..Tuberculosis
..Urticaria
..White Hair
..Wrinkles




  • Why
  • What
  • How
  • Normal Values
  • Abnormal Values




    Why

    Diabetes mellitus is diagnosed based on a high level of glucose or sugar in the blood. The blood sugar test is used for the diagnosis of diabetes.


    What

    The body breaks down food into glucose, or sugar and uses it as a source of energy. In healthy people the insulin hormone helps to regulate the glucose or the blood sugar levels.

    In diabetics, the body does not produce enough insulin or does not use the produced insulin effectively. This results in a high level of glucose in the blood and this condition is known as hyperglycaemia.


    How

    Fasting blood glucose test: In this test, a person is asked to fast overnight, at least 8 hours, and the level of glucose in the blood is then checked.

    Random blood glucose test, which can be done without fasting.

    Postprandial blood glucose test: This is tested two hours after having a meal. It serves as a challenge for the body to regulate the blood sugar after a meal, and is useful in detecting borderline diabetes and checking the control in diabetes.


    Normal Values

    Normal fasting plasma glucose levels are less than 110 mg/dl (milligrams per decilitre).


    Abnormal Values

    A fasting plasma glucose level of more than 126 mg/dl usually indicates diabetes mellitus.

    A random blood sugar exceeding the level of 200 mg/dl or higher generally indicates the presence of diabetes.








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