|1. To treat jaundice due to damp-heat:
Jinqiancao is often used together with capillary artemisia (Herba Artemisiae Scopariae), gardenia fruit (Fructus Gardeniae), giant knotweed (Rhizoma Polygoni Cuspidati), etc.
2. To treat strangury caused by urinary stones and strangury due to heat:
Jinqiancao can be decocted alone in a large dose for drinking instead of tea or used together with climbing fern spore (Spora Lygodii), chicken gizzard membrane, talcum, etc., e.g., Erjin Paishi Tang.
3. To treat malignant boils, pyogenic infections and snake bite:
Fresh jinqiancao can be blended into juice for drinking and the residue can also be used for external application.
|Jinqiancao contains phenolic ingredients, sterols, flavonoids, amino acids, tannin, essential oil (volatile oil), choline, potassium salts, etc.
For self protection, the outer skin (bark) of many plants contains essential oil, which in turn has elements that serve as an immediate chemical defense against herbivores and pathogens. How? There is an element called hydroxynitrile glucoside in essential oil. This element will release toxic hydrogen cyanide by endogenous plant glucosidase upon tissue disruption (see Anne Vinther Morant, Kirsten Jorgensen, Charlotte Jorgensen, Suzanne Michelle Paquette, Raquel Sanchez-Perez, Birger Lindberg Moller, and Soren Bak, "beta-Glucosidases as Detonators of Plant Chemical Defense," Phytochemistry Vol. 69, Issue 9 (June 2008), pp. 1,795-1,813).
Glucosidase is a catalyzing enzyme that improves healthy functions of our body. It is a lipase that decomposes fat; it can also check inflammation and improve memory (see Mikako Sakurai, Masayuki Sekiguchi, Ko Zushida, Kazuyuki Yamada, Satoshi Nagamine, Tomohiro Kabuta and Keiji Wada, "Reduction in memory in passive avoidance learning, exploratory behaviour and synaptic plasticity in mice with a spontaneous deletion in the ubiquitin C-terminal hydrolase L1 gene," European Journal of Neuroscience Vol. 27, Issue 3 (February 2008), pp. 691-701).
The whole plant is anti-inflammatory, cholagogue (stimulates the flow of bile into the duodenum), depurative (purifying the blood), diuretic, and febrifuge.
Jinqiancao can inhibit staphylococcus aureus.
Its decoction has an obvious diuretic effect. It can also promote the discharge of bile from the bile duct and discharge stones.
It is also used to treat mushroom poisoning and drug poisoning.
Other similar herbs:
The plants used as jinqiancao in various places of China include the following:
(1) Ground ivy (Glechoma hederacea L.), called Jiangsu jinqiancao as a medicinal material, a plant of the Labiatae family, is customarily used in the Jiangsu-Zhejiang region.
(2) Tickclover (Desmodium styracifolium [Osbeck] Merr.), called Guang jinqiancao as a medicinal material, a plant of the Leguminosae/Fabaceae family, is customarily used in the Guangdong-Guangxi region.
(3) Lawn pennywort (Hydrocotyle sibthorpioides Lam.), called Jiangxi jinqiancao as a medicinal material, a plant of the Umbelliferae family, is customarily used in the Jiangxi region.
(4) Creeping dichondra (Dichondra repens G. Forst.), called xiao jinqiancao as a medicinal material, a plant of the Convolvulaceae family, is customarily used in some areas of Sichuan.